Saturday, September 16, 1769
To Headwaters of Arroyo Laguna, near Arroyo de la Cruz.



Gaspar de Portol√°
The 16th, we proceeded for two hours, penetrating the range, and continuously along a gully formed by the mountains on either side. It was necessary to send soldiers and Indians in advance to open the way, which occasioned much labor. We halted on a small elevation where the gully denied us a passage; it was necessary to stop in order to open a path over a very high ridge.

Miguel Costansó
We entered through the canyon which allowed us passage into the mountains, following it now on one side and now on the other as the lay of the land permitted. This canyon was very narrow; in some places the hills surrounding it were cut away at the foot, and were all inaccessible, not only to the men but even to goats and deer. A stream of water, which we crossed many times before we arrived at the place where we encamped, ran in the bottom of the canyon; it here divides into two branches: the one extending to the east-northeast, the other to the north. Somewhat farther to the northwest we saw a hill which was not as steep as those in the rest of the canyon; over the slope of this hill we had to ascend, first opening the way. We travelled for a little more than a league on this day's march. After the people had eaten, we began the work, in which all without exception took part. The men were distributed in several parties from the camp to the place we had determined upon as the end of the day's march. We succeeded in finishing the whole section in the afternoon.

Fray Juan Crespi
Early in the morning we set out from the camp, and entered the valley, which opened the way for us to enter the mountains, going now on one slope and now on another, according to what the ground would permit The valley is very narrow, and in part the mountains which enclose it are perilously steep, and all are inaccessible, not only for men, but also for goats and deer. In the middle of the valley runs an arroyo of water which we crossed many times before we arrived at the camping place where we are. It is divided into two branches, one running from the east-northeast and the other from the north. Veering somewhat to the northeast there is a mountain, not so steep as those forming the valley, by the skirts of which they say we must ascend, first opening the road. After traveling one league we stopped at the foot of the mountain which we are to climb, where the arroyo divides, and, after eating, all the men set out to open the road. The stretch that we have traveled over to-day is well wooded with live oaks, alders, willows, and other trees not known to us, without any land at all for planting, but with an abundance of stones. On account of the fog, I could not make any observations during these days. This place received the name of the Foot of the Sierra de Santa Lucia.


September 15 Day three at San Carpoforo Creek, near Ragged Point.
September 17 To Wagner Creek, Santa Lucia Mountains.