Wednesday, September 13,1769
To San Carpoforo Creek, near Ragged Point.



Gaspar de Portolá
The 13th, we proceeded for three hours over hills and halted at the foot of a very high range. Here we remained for two days to search for an opening through the range; unless there was another range further on, we inferred that this must be the Sierra de Santa Lucia. We rested for two days.

Miguel Costansó
We travelled for two leagues, part of the way through the canyon or water-course, and part over cliffs in sight of the ocean. We pitched our camp between two streams of good water, and at the foot of the mountain range which at this point is very high and terminates in the sea; it seemed, however, to permit of passage through an opening we saw to the east. We thought that this might be the range known by the name of Santa Lucía in the sailing directions of the pilots who navigated these seas, and, particularly, by those who sailed with Sebastián Vizcaíno. Therefore, our commander, desirous of assuring himself on this point, and with the object of exploring the land with the necessary thoroughness, rightly presuming that this would be the most difficult passage to surmount on the whole journey (as the old accounts dwell upon its ruggedness), resolved to rest at this place, and to send out the most intelligent scouts to examine the country completely, penetrating as far as they could without limiting the time of their return. So eight scouts, with Captain Fernando de Rivera, set out after midday.

Fray Juan Crespi
We started early in the morning, about half-past six, and marched for two leagues in a northwesterly direction, part way by the valley mentioned, and part by high mesas steeply inclined to the sea, on the edge of which we marched all this day. We stopped between two arroyos in a place where there is plenty of grass and firewood. Directly after we arrived some six heathen from a village that was near by came to visit us. At midday they brought us their present of pinole in baskets, and some good fresh fish, and the commander reciprocated with some beads, which pleased them very much. In front of us is the high, rugged mountain range, all covered with pines, which appears to be the Sierra de Pinos or Santa Lucia, and, judging by its rough aspect, it looks as though it would prevent our passage. In view of this the commander decided to stop here for a few days in order to give an opportunity for the explorers to examine and discover a pass. With this object, the captain set out today with a party of soldiers and Indians, equipped with the necessary tools to repair any bad places that might be found. I named this spot the arroyos of Santa Humiliana.


September 12 To Headwaters of Arroyo Laguna, near Arroyo de la Cruz.
September 14 Day two at San Carpoforo Creek, near Ragged Point.