Friday, October 6, 1769
Day six at the Salinas River, near Blanco.



Gaspar de Portol√°
No entry

Miguel Costansó
The scouts returned in the afternoon with very pleasant news. They had found a river valley of great verdure and with many trees of Castile, and they believed that they had seen another point of pines to the north (it was afterwards known, however, that they had been deceived because it was very foggy). They likewise saw tracks of large animals with split hoofs, and thought they might be bison; and a populous village of Indians who lived in huts covered with thatch, and who, according to what they said, must have numbered over five hundred souls. These Indians had no notice of our coming to their lands, as our men could see from the consternation and fright which their presence caused: amazed and confused, without knowing what they did, some ran for their weapons, others shouted and yelled, and the women burst into tears. Our men did all they could to quiet them, and succeeded with great difficulty. The sergeant of the presidio of Loreto, who was in command of the party, dismounted and approached them with signs of peace. The Indians did not allow him to reach their village; they made him signs to stop, and, at the same time, taking their arrows they stuck them all, point first, into the ground; they did the same with other darts and plumes which they brought immediately. They withdrew afterwards, and as the scouts understood that this had been done as a sign of peace, several of them dismounted and took some of these arrows and darts. The natives were very much pleased, and applauded this act of our men, who, to assure them still further that their intention was not to injure them, but rather to seek their friendship, asked them by signs for food. Upon this the contentment of the Indians was increased, and their women immediately set themselves to grind seeds, from which they made some round pats which they gave to our men. The sergeant gave the Indians some glass beads, and they were well satisfied and content.

Fray Juan Crespi
The explorers returned in the afternoon with very joyful news, saying that they had found a river with a great deal of verdure and Castilian trees, and that they had seen a point with many pines to the north, although it was learned afterwards that they had been mistaken on account of the heavy fog. They also saw tracks of large animals with cloven hoofs, and which they judged to be buffalo, and a populous village of heathen who were living in barracks or huts covered with grass. They said they must number more than five hundred souls. These people had had no information of our arrival in their country, judging by what our soldiers observed of the terror caused by their presence; for, astonished and confused, they ran wildly about, not knowing what they were doing. Some ran to their weapons, others shouted and yelled, and the women began to weep. The soldiers did all they could to calm them, and the sergeant succeeded in doing this by his wisdom, bravery, valor, and experience among Indians, although it cost him a good deal of trouble to restrain them. As soon as he saw that they were excited he dismounted and approached them in an attitude of peace. The Indians did not permit him to reach their village, but made signs to him to stop, and then instantly they all took up their arrows and thrust them into the ground, points down. They did the same with some small daggers and feather headdresses which they immediately brought from their houses. They then retired, and the sergeant, understanding that they had done these things as a sign of peace, approached and took some of the arrows and other things that they had planted there. The heathen were delighted at this, and applauded this conduct on the part of our men. With the object of reassuring them still further that they were not going to harm them, but, on the contrary, desired their friendship, they asked them for food. At this the confidence of the Indians became greater, and their women at once set to work to grind seeds, of which they made balls of dough and gave them to the soldiers. The sergeant then gave the Indians some beads, and they were very pleased and happy. In consequence of the information that the explorers brought, all the rest of us became confident that the river they had seen was the Carmelo, and that, therefore, near that point of pines which they said they had seen, must be the desired port of Monterey. Everybody prepared to march on the following day, after having rested now five days and a half.


October 5 Day five at the Salinas River, near Blanco.
October 7 To Espinosa Lake, northwest of Salinas.