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Portola Expedition October 23 1769 Diaries
Monday, October 23, 1769
To Whitehouse Creek (SRL 23).
California Registered Landmark - 23 - Gasos Creek *no photo taken
Gaspar de Portolá
We travelled for two hours and a half. We halted in a gully where there was much water and pasture, and a village of two hundred natives.
We moved the camp a distance of two leagues from the Cañada de la Salud, and camped near an Indian village, discovered by the scouts, situated in a pleasant and attractive spot at the foot of a mountain range and in front of a ravine covered with pine and savin, among which descended a stream from which the natives obtained water. The land appeared pleasant; it was covered with pasture, and was not without firewood. We traveled part of the way along the beach; the rest, from the point of rocks previously mentioned, to the village, over high, level land with plenty of water standing in ponds of greater or less extent. The Indians, advised by the scouts of our coming to their lands, received us with great affability and kindness, and, furthermore, presented us with seeds kneaded into thick pats. They also offered us some cakes of a certain sweet paste, which some of our men said was the honey of wasps; they brought it carefully wrapped in the leaves of the carrizo cane, and its taste was not at all bad. In the middle of the village there was a large house, spherical in form and very roomy; the other small houses, built in the form of a pyramid, had very little room, and were built of split pine wood. As the large house so much surpassed the others, the village was named after it.
Fray Juan Crespi
About half-past eight we set out from this valley of La Salud, following the beach, where there is pasture, but after half a league passage is cut off by the precipitous Sierra Blanca. Arriving near a point of low land which projects far into the sea, we climbed a mesa of level land which turns northwest by north. This mesa, which ends at the beach, must be about a league and a half long, half a league wide, and near the mountains a quarter. We traveled two leagues in three hours, and halted in a little valley between hills near a village of heathen, which for some days we had been wishing to find. They had already learned of our coming from the explorers. They welcomed us with demonstrations of pleasure, and immediately gave us some tamales made of seeds, some of acorns and some of other kinds of seeds, as well as a certain kind of honeycomb which some of our party said was bee honey. They brought it very neatly wrapped in leaves of the reed grass. Their gift was repaid with beads, which pleased them greatly. In the middle of the village there was an immense house of a spherical form, large enough to hold all the people of the town, and around it there were some little houses of a pyramidal form, very small, constructed of stakes of pine. Because the large house rose above the others the soldiers called it Village of the Casa Grande, but I dedicated it to San Juan Nepomuceno. There is a good arroyo of water here, much pasture, and an abundance of firewood, and not far from the village there is a grove of redwoods.
Note: The point of rocks which we left behind is that known as the Punta de Año Nuevo. Its latitude is, with a slight difference, the same as that of the Cañada de la Salud.
Day three at Waddell Creek.
To San Gregorio
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