Saturday, October 21, 1769
Day two at Waddell Creek



Gaspar de Portolá
We travelled for three hours and a half near the shore and halted in a gully where there was much water and pasture. Here we rested for two days on account of the rain.

Miguel Costansó
We rested in this canyon while the scouts employed the day in examining the country. Observed with the English octant, facing the sun, the meridian altitude of the lower limb of the sun was found to be ... 41°41'30"
Astronomical refraction to be subtracted ... 1'
Inclination of the visual [horizon] in consequence of the observer's eye being three to four feet above sea level, subtract ... 2'
Semi diameter of the sun to be added ... 16' 13'
Altitude of the center of the sun ... 41°54'30"
Zenith-distance ... 48°5'30"
Its declination at that hour was ... 11°2'3"
Latitude of the place ... 37°3'

During the afternoon and night heavy showers fell, driven by a very strong south wind which caused a storm on the sea.

Fray Juan Crespi
About eight in the morning we started, taking our way along the coast, which runs to the west-northwest, over high hills, precipitous on the side towards the sea. Five hundred steps after we started we crossed a good arroyo of running water which descends from some high hills where it rises. It was named Santa Cruz. Afterwards we crossed some large mesas of good land which could easily be irrigated with the water of this stream. The mesas, which end in cliffs at the sea, must be about one league wide, extending to some hills at the foot of the mountains. We traveled three hours and a half but only made two leagues, during which we descended and ascended four deep watercourses carrying running water which empties into the sea. Only in the watercourses are any trees to be seen; elsewhere we saw nothing but grass, and that was burned. About halfway on the march we left the redwoods behind us. We stopped at the fourth arroyo, which ends in an estuary; it was named Arroyo de San Lucas,t but the soldiers called it Las Puentes, because it was necessary to bridge it with poles and earth before it could be crossed.


October 20 To Waddell Creek
October 22 Day three at Waddell Creek.