Tuesday, October 17, 1769
To San Lorenzo River at Santa Cruz.


Gaspar de Portol√°
The 17th, we travelled for two hours and a half; part of the way was through a canyon between mountains and the remainder on a good road. We found many watering places and two rivers. We halted beside one of these rivers, close to the sea, where the pioneers declared that it would be possible for small ships to lie sheltered to northward.

Miguel Costansó
At a distance of two leagues from El Rosario we forded a river considerably swollen; the water reached to the girths of the animals. The descent to the river, and the ascent after we forded it, gave the pioneers much work in clearing and opening a way through a thicket that covered the river-bottom. The same thing had been done at another stream which we had crossed shortly before. We pitched our camp on the right bank of the river which was named San Lorenzo.

Fray Juan Crespi
We set out about nine in the morning to the west-northwest, and traveled over good land well covered with grass and in sight of the seashore, although it was about a league away, and having the redwood trees still with us. We traveled for three hours and made about leagues, during which we found three arroyos, two of them with running water, one with a buey of water, and all with plains of good land and a heavy growth of cottonwoods and alders in their beds. At the end of the day's march we turned to the west. Not far from the sea we came to a large river, which, in the place where we crossed it, must have been about eighteen varas wide, and which in the center reached to the bellies of the animals. It is one of the largest that we have met with on the journey. In its bed there is a thick growth of cottonwoods and alders, and it has good meadows for raising crops by irrigation. It is not far from the shore, and, according to what the explorers say, it empties into an estuary of a bay. We made camp on the other side of the river, the descent and ascent of which cost some trouble to clear and make a passage. Besides the growth along the river there are many redwoods. Not far from the stream we found a good patch of ground that is not burned, and it is a pleasure to see the grass and the variety of herbs and roses of Castile. This river was named San Lorenzo. We did not find a single heathen on it, nor did we see one in the whole day's march.

October 16 To Porter Gulch.
October 18 To Majors Creek, Santa Cruz County, CA