Sunday, October 1,1769
To the Salinas River, near Blanco.


Gaspar de Portol√°
The 1st of October, we proceeded for an hour, which brought us near the mouth of the river. Here the expedition remained for five days to explore the circuit made by the mountains. We all agreed that, undoubtedly, we would find the Port of Monterey.

Miguel Costansó
We approached somewhat nearer the beach, following the course of the river for about a league. Some of the officers afterwards went with the engineer to examine this beach. There they observed the large bay which the scouts had seen. Its northern point, which ran a considerable distance into the sea, bore northwest at a distance in their judgment of eight maritime leagues; the southern point, which formed the hill of pines, bore southwest by south. They did not see the mouth of the estuary because it does not enter and join with the sea where they were, but very much farther to the north. It was not possible to observe the meridian altitude of the sun with the octant to determine the latitude of the place, because the coast prevented a clear horizon either to north or south.

Fray Juan Crespi
On this day, after Mass had been said by us two priests and heard by the rest, we broke camp, and, following the same river, we traveled one league, approaching the beach. We halted near the same river in the plain, which had good pasture, about a league and a half from the beach. Soon after our arrival the commander, the engineer, and I, accompanied by five soldiers, went to examine the beach. Ascending a small hill which is not far from it, from the top we saw a great bay, which we conjectured to be the one which Cabrera Bueno places between Point Ano Nuevo and the Point of Finest of Monterey, for we saw this point covered with tall pines, and it must be that the port of Monterey is near it. The river which we have been following for so many days empties into this great bay, which forms an estuary that penetrates the land about two leagues and causes the river to rise and fall. Near the beach it is now very full and of great depth, so that it cannot be forded; the mouth is narrow, perhaps twelve varas wide, and near the sea it resembles a very deep pond. The plain is very large, and extends for many leagues until it reaches the other point, which we conjectured to be Ano Nuevo. We did not see a single heathen in this neighborhood. We returned to the camp, and, in view of what has been said, which we related to the commander, he decided that on the following day the captain should go out to examine the point mentioned.

September 30 To Salinas River, below Old Hilltown.
October 2 Day two at the Salinas River, near Blanco.