Saturday, January 20, 1770
To San Juan Canyon (July 23).



Gaspar de Portolá

The 20th, we proceeded for five hours; we made the same distance as in two marches on the outward journey over the road by which we had come.

Miguel Costansó
From the Aguage del Padre Gómez the road is hilly as far as San Francisco Solano, a distance of three leagues. At this place there is a stream which carried a great deal of water when we passed it on July 24; we marvelled greatly on seeing it now completely dry, after there had been so much rain in the whole district. This we attributed to the fact that the stream must receive the water of the snows from some of the snow-capped mountains we saw inland; it probably does not flow except when the snow melts. As there was no object in remaining in sight of this, we continued for two leagues farther until we reached the canyon called Cañada del Incendio or Cañada de Santa María Magdalena. The stream in this canyon had also dried up, but pools remained in which there was sufficient water for the men and horses. During the night some of the soldiers who were sick with diarrhea and tenesmus became seriously ill. There is plenty of firewood in this place.

Fray Juan Crespi
We broke camp in the morning and traveled the three leagues to the valley of San Francisco, whose arroyo we found dry, although it had rained so much. Without doubt the
water which was so abundant when we came was from the melting snow, and until that time it would not again have its flow. We went on for the other two leagues to the valley of Santa Maria Magdalena, alias La Quemada, whose arroyo we found dry, although there is water in the pools. Some of the soldiers are very sick with diarrhoea; this evening two of them became so much worse that it gave us some anxiety.


January 19 To Tomato Spring (July 26).
January 21 To San Onofre Creek.