Sunday, January 14, 1770
To Russell Valley.



Gaspar de Portol√°
The 14th, we traveled for about five hours by a different road and halted in a village which had about thirty natives.

Miguel Costansó
Two of the oldest natives of the town offered to serve us as guides to lead us out of the mountain range. In setting out they took a course to the southeast which was the direction that best suited us, it being the shortest way. After travelling half a league or a little more from the camp, they began, however, to lead us through the most rugged and intricate part of the range. We found out, although late, that we could not pass through those brambles with the pack-animals. We then turned back, and, passing near their village, took other guides who led us over a better road following, it is true, an entirely different direction, which was to the northeast. They led us over some accessible low hills and, after leaving them behind, we reached level country to the east. At a distance of two short leagues, we halted near a small village; the inhabitants insisted that we remain with them, saying that we should not pass on, as the watering place was far off and as it was now too late to reach it before sunset. We were not disappointed in stopping at this place which was called El Triunfo. It is a plain of great beauty and extent, overgrown on all sides with live-oaks and white oaks, and having much pasture and water.

Fray Juan Crespi
After we two had said Mass with all the men present, we set out from El Triunfo del Dulcisimo Nombre de Jesus in the morning of this, His day, and two old heathen of the village offered to serve us as guides through the mountains. They led us southeast to the outlet, which was the most important to us because it was the shortest way out. But after going a little more than half a league we found ourselves penetrating the most rugged and intricate part of the range. We learned, but too late, that the pack train could
not pass through those thickets, and we had to return to the village. We then took better guides, who led us by a very different road, to the northeast. The road was by sloping hills, much better than the one over which the first ones took us. The hills passed, we entered level land to the east and traveled two short leagues. We halted close to a village whose heathen urged us to remain and not go on, as the watering place was distant and it would be late when we arrived. We gave them this pleasure, and the village was named El Triunfo del Nombre de Jesus. It is a plain of considerable extent and much beauty, forested in all parts by live oaks and oaks, with much pasture and water.


January 13 To Potrero Valley.
January 15 To Los Encinos State Historical Park (Aug. 5-6).