Wednesday, August 30, 1769
To Santa Ynez River, at Ocean Beach County Park



Gaspar de Portolá
The 30th, we proceeded for one hour and a half, part of the way along the seashore. This was made a short day's march in order that the animals might recover from their sufferings on account of the lack of water. Here the inhabitants of a village of about fifty persons came to our camp.

Miguel Costansó
From the Cañada Seca we went to the Río Grande de San Verardo; about this some natives had given us information by signs upon our arrival at the Cañada Seca. We would not believe, however, that it was at such a short distance from that place, and did not credit them until, at the time of loading the pack animals in the morning, we saw all the inhabitants of the village on the river, men, women, and children, coming to meet us. We arrived at the place after a march of a little less than a league. The mouth of this river is entirely closed by a sand-bank which we crossed dry shod. The river seems to be dammed up, and is without current. Higher up, however, the current could be seen clearly incontestable evidence that the water sinks into the sand, and, in this way, reaches the sea. This river flows through a very beautiful valley containing many willows, and much land capable of producing all kinds of grain. We saw bears of great size, and many of their tracks.

Fray Juan Crespi
After we two priests had celebrated Mass and the rest had heard it we set out in the morning, following the road to the Still, called Rocky Point. Argiiello Point. The arroyo which they crossed just beyond was Canada Honda. Santa Rosalia, where they camped for the night, was just south of Surf. northwest. As we were starting some heathen came from the nearby villages and said they came to guide us. We proceeded on our way over dunes and sandy stretches, and after traveling half a league we came to a large river which is more than a hundred varas wide near the sea, its whole bed being full of fresh water. It is supposed that it sinks into the sea under the sand, for there is in its mouth a sandbank which serves as a bridge, over which we crossed. It runs in the middle of a very wide valley, and the sergeant said that in the exploration which they made higher up it was found that it has good land and groves. They saw that it has two branches above, and when they attempted to ford it the water came up to the cuirass. They say that water can be obtained to irrigate the good land which the valley has farther up. We halted on the bank of the river, where we saw no village, but in a little while many heathen came to invite us to go and stay with them in their towns. The commander excused himself, and gave them presents of beads with which they were well pleased. They asked my father companion where we were going, and begged him to stay with them, saying that they would support him. He replied that he was compelled to go on with the rest, but that on our return he would gladly remain. We named this river, which is the largest that we have encountered, for San Bernardo and his companion, but, because we arrived on this day, it is also called Santa Rosa. I observed the latitude to be thirty-four degrees and fifty-five minutes.

August 29 To Bear Creek.
August 31 To San Antonio Creek