Saturday, August 26, 1769
To East of Canada del Cojo.



Gaspar de Portolá
The 26th of August, we proceeded for three hours . . . of the ocean. During the whole day's march it was necessary to work with crowbars and pickaxes. We halted in a town of fifty houses inhabited by about one hundred and fifty natives, the place had sufficient pasture and water.

Miguel Costansó
We made our day's journey, which was short, in the afternoon. We traveled for two leagues over high hills which were somewhat easier of access than the preceding ones. Midway on the road we passed a village of twenty houses, situated on the shore in a place where the beach was extensive and wide. We came in sight of the Punta de la Concepción, the end of the Canal de Santa Bárbara. We pitched our camp outside, and to the east, of a canyon. In the canyon there was an Indian town consisting of twenty-four houses. The inhabitants received us, and made us presents, in the same manner as the others. They have canoes and live by fishing. The country they inhabit also has a scarcity of fire-wood, but the land is of good quality, and has an abundance of pasture. The cacique of this town was lame, and, for this reason, the soldiers named his town Ranchería del Cojo. The latitude of the Punta de la Concepción was determined by the observation of the meridian altitude of the sun, and was found to be 34° 30', the same as that of the Pueblo de San Zeferino.

Fray Juan Crespi
At half-past two in the afternoon we set forth. Descending to the village we took the road by the estuary, and continued west, over some mesas of good land with much grass up to the very edge of the sea. In this stretch the beach widens, as the mountain recedes. After half a league's travel on the same beach we came to a village of twenty houses, whose people live, like the rest on the channel, upon fish, and we saw that they had three canoes out fishing. They showed great friendliness. In passing we named the village Santa Ana. From it we went on for a distance by the beach, and afterwards ascended the mesas, which continued to have good land and pasture. We traveled over them nearly three hours, with the annoyance of the ups and downs of the ravines, which are channels for the floods from the Sierra in the rainy season. In one of them we saw some pools of fresh water, from which they filled the leather bags; this ravine had some poplars and live oaks. We went forward and came to the camping place, having made two leagues and a half. Camp was pitched at the edge of a valley in which there is a village of twenty-four houses, with many heathen, who welcomed us and made us presents like the rest. Their chief is lame in one leg, for which reason the soldiers called it Eancheria del Cojo, but I christened it Santa Teresa. It has its canoes, and the people live by fishing, like the rest. The place is short of firewood, but the land is good and has much grass. Water they have in the same valley in pools, which seem to come from springs. We have in sight at a distance of one league a point of land which penetrates far into the sea; according to the descriptions it must be Point Concepcion. Senor Constanzo took the latitude, and it was thirty-four degrees and thirty minutes, and I found it to be thirty-four degrees and fifty-one and a half minutes. These heathen have European beads, and when asked they
said they got them from the north. One of the mules was left in charge of the chief until our return, as it was too lame to walk.

August 25 To Arroyo El Bulito.
August 27 To Jalama Beach County Park.