Thursday, August 24, 1769
To the stream in Canada de la Gaviota.



Gaspar de Portolá
The 24th of August, we proceeded for three hours and a half; although the road was fairly level, there were many gorges made by the flow of the water from the mountains. We have halted in a town which is composed of fifty houses inhabited by more than three hundred natives. They made us a present of many fish. We had much pasture and water.

Miguel Costansó
Today's march was as difficult as that of yesterday, the road and country being of the same character. It was frequently found necessary to send the pioneers ahead to put the bad places in order; this toilsome drudgery caused us much delay on the march. We came to the stopping-place, a canyon into which an estuary of salt-water entered; upon its sides there is an Indian town of fifty hearths where we were received and entertained as in the previous ones. These natives have a scarcity of fire-wood, and as for water, to obtain it good they have to get it up the canyon before the waters of the stream that comes down through this unite with those of the estuary. From this place, which we named San Luis Rey, we discovered, in the afternoon, the three last islands of the Canal de Santa Bárbara. These are San Bernardo, the most westerly; then Santa Cruz, to the east; and Santa Bárbara, the most easterly of the three, which gave its name to the stretch of sea and coast about which we are speaking. Today we made three leagues.

Fray Juan Crespi
On this day of San Bartolome, after we two had said Mass and all the people had heard it, we set out early in the morning. We went west, and found the road and the country similar to those of yesterday. Every little way it was necessary for the workmen to repair the bad spots that were met with, and this laborious task caused much delay. We traveled two leagues and a half and came to the camping place, which is in a valley into which enters an estuary of salt water. On its banks we found a village of fifty-two houses, which, judging by the people whom we saw, must contain about three hundred souls, who made us presents and entertained us like the preceding. In this place there is a lack of firewood, and in order to get good water it is necessary to go higher up in the valley, where an arroyo comes down, before the fresh water unites with that of the estuary. I called this place San Luis, king of France, and the soldiers know it as La Gaviota,* because they killed a seagull there. I observed the latitude, which was thirty-four degrees and forty-seven minutes. A heathen of this town, a great dancer, whom the soldiers called "El Loco," became so attached to us that he continues to follow us; he is of great service to us, and will aid us with the other villages. From this place we saw in the afternoon the last three islands of the channel of Santa Barbara. They are San Bernardo, the most western; Santa Cruz, which follows to the east; and Santa Barbara, the most eastern. The Indians of this town have seven canoes which are out fishing; some of them are very large.

August 23 To Tajiguas Creek.
August 25 To Arroyo El Bulito.