Monday, August 21, 1769
To Dos Pueblos Canyon, at Naples.



Gaspar de Portol√°
The 21st of August, we proceeded for three hours, the whole time beside the ocean, and halted opposite two towns of about sixty houses each, inhabited by about eight hundred natives. They came to the camp with their chiefs and made us a present of many fish. Much pasture and water, with very many trees. These two places also have very many canoes. These towns, we saw, were not in a flourishing condition; although the inhabitants appeared to be docile, they did not wish us to pass through their towns, which we attributed to the fact that we gave them no glass beads. These natives live in a more civilized manner than the others as many of them sleep in bedsteads. In all these towns they have cemeteries, in which poles are raised over the graves with the distinction that for the chiefs they raise a higher pole, and, if it is the grave of a woman, they hang baskets or wooden bowls on the pole, if that of a man, the hair sacrificed by his relatives. All these towns are ruled over by three or four chiefs and one chief rules over them all. Every chief has two wives while other men have one. Here we rested for one day.

Miguel Costansó
From the Pueblo de la Asumpta this coast extends, with slight variation, to the west-northwest, as far as the town we left this morning called Pueblo de la Laguna, as has already been said. From this point the coast extends almost due west, in which direction we marched for two leagues over high hills in sight of the ocean. These hills were intersected by some gullies made by the drainage from the range which in some places nearly reaches the beach, leaving little land in the intervening space; while in other places the mountains recede and leave some level ground half a league or a little more between them and the sea. We passed through quite a large grove of live-oaks, and arrived at the watering-place, a stream of good water in a canyon, on whose sides, and near the shore, there stood an Indian village which must have contained more than a thousand souls. We halted to the right of the canyon, not far from the village. The inhabitants soon came to welcome us; they also gave us much fish, both fresh and dried, the latter preserved without salt. They did not spare us the compliment of the dance and festivity, which were like those of La Isla. This place received the name of San Luis Obispo.

Fray Juan Crespi
At two in the afternoon we broke camp, and continuing to the west, in which direction the coast runs, we traveled two leagues over high hills, in sight of the sea, interrupted by canyons caused by floods from the mountains which we had on our right, and which in some places reach almost to the shore, leaving in the intervening space very little ground. In other places these mountains retreat, leaving some level ground between them and the sea, sometimes half a league wide. We traversed a forest of live oaks and came to the watering place, which is an arroyo of good water in a valley. On its bank and on the beach we found a very large village, which must contain more than a thousand persons. We pitched camp on the right side of the valley, not far from the village. The heathen came immediately to greet us and gave us an abundance of fresh and dried fish; and, not desiring to be less hospitable than the preceding ones, they entertained us with their dance. Some of our party thought that this rancheria was not one, but two villages; we gave them the name of San Luis Obispo. I observed the latitude, which was thirty-four degrees and forty-five minutes.

August 20 To South of Goleta.
August 22 Day two at Dos Pueblos Canyon, at Naples.