Sunday, August 20, 1769
To South of Goleta.



Gaspar de Portol√°
The 20th of August, we proceeded for four hours. During this day's march we have come upon seven towns the smallest having twenty, the largest, more than eighty houses in which we have seen about eight hundred natives. Much pasture and water, and many trees. They made us a present of much food, and entertained us greatly with music and dancing.

Miguel Costansó
From this canyon we went to the Pueblos de la Isla, distant some three leagues from La Laguna, over a road on level ground between the range and some low hills that lay along the coast. We came in sight of a long, bare point of land; on the eastern side of it a large estuary enters through two different mouths (as some said, because all the men did not see both), half a league, more or less, distant from each other. The estuary surrounds a small hill and a tongue of land of moderate length this was affirmed to be an island by those who declared that they had seen the two mouths of the estuary, and it must have been so if there were two mouths. On this hill, whose verdure and trees gave very great pleasure to the eye, there stood a very populous Indian town containing innumerable houses, so that someone asserted that he had counted more than one hundred. The estuary spreads over the level country towards the east, forming marshes and creeks of considerable extent and on their banks there are two other towns, less populous than the Pueblo de la Isla. We passed through one of them to reach the watering place, near which we pitched our camp. After a short time, the natives of the three towns came with roasted and fresh fish, seeds, acorns, atole or gachas, and various other foods, earnestly inviting us to eat, and showing in their faces the pleasure that our presence gave them. We treated them all kindly, and gave them glass beads, ribbons, and other trifles, in exchange for which we received various curios, such as baskets, furs, and plumes. All the land that we examined, along the road as well as from our camp, is exceedingly pleasing, with an abundance of pasture, and covered with live-oaks, willows, and other trees, giving indications of fertility and of a capacity to produce whatever one might desire to sow The natives, not content with making us presents of their eatables, wished, furthermore, to give us a feast, thus manifesting the mutual rivalry and contention between the towns to excel each other in gifts and festivities, in order to merit our approval and praise. In the afternoon the leaders and caciques of each town came, one after the other, adorned according to their custom painted and decked with feathers, having in their hands some split canes with the motion and noise of which they marked time for their songs, and the rhythm for the dance, so regularly and so uniformly that there was no discord. The dancing continued all the afternoon, and we had hard work to rid ourselves of our visitors. Finally we sent them away, earnestly recommending them, by means of signs, not to come back during the night to disturb us; but in vain. At nightfall they returned with a large retinue of clowns or jugglers, playing whistles, the noise of which grated upon the ears. It was to be feared that they would stampede our horses, and, for this reason, the commander, with his officers and some soldiers, went out to receive them. These gave the natives some glass beads, and intimated to them that if they came back to disturb our sleep, they would no longer be our friends and we would give them a bad reception. This was a sufficient measure to cause them to retire and to leave us in peace for the remainder of the night.

Fray Juan Crespi
At eight in the morning after Mass we set out, following the plain in a westerly direction, and traveling on level land between the mountains and some hills which extend along the coast. It is all good land, with much grass, and well grown with live oaks, alders, and willows, and many Castilian roses. We traveled about three leagues and came in sight of a long bare point of land. On the west a large estuary enters by two different mouths distant half a league from each other; the estuary is bordered on the north by a good piece of land of moderate extent, entirely isolated. On that island, which is very green and covered with trees, we saw a large town, in which were counted more than a hundred houses. This estuary spreads out to the west, forming many marshes and lagoons upon whose banks there are other towns, but we could not learn with certainty how many there were. Nevertheless, some of our soldiers said there were four, making with that of the island five, the latter appearing to be the largest. We passed through the middle of one of these towns to go to the watering place, near which the camp was made. In a little while the heathen from the towns came with roasted and fresh fish, seeds, acorns, atole, and other kinds of food; they urged us to eat, showing in their faces the pleasure that our coming and stay in their land caused them. The governor made them presents of beads and ribbon, with which they were much pleased, and the soldiers traded with them and obtained various curios, such as baskets, feather headdresses and skins. The whole country along the road, as well as that which is to be seen from the camp, is extremely delightful, abounding in pasture and covered with live oaks, willows, and other trees, giving signs of its being very fertile land, capable of producing whatever one might wish to plant. These heathen seem to be very well supplied with everything, especially with plenty of fish of all kinds; in fact they brought to the camp so much that it was necessary to tell them not to bring any more, for it would eventually have to spoil. They were not content with making us presents of their food, but wished also to entertain us, and it was clear that there was rivalry and emulation among the towns to come out best in the presents and feasts in order to win our approbation. In the afternoon the chief men came from each town, one after the other, adorned according to their usage, painted and loaded with plumage and some hollow reeds in their hands, to the movement and noise of which they kept time with their songs and the cadence of the dance, in such good time and in such unison that it produced real harmony. These dances lasted all the afternoon, and it cost us much trouble to rid ourselves of the people. They were sent away, charged with emphatic signs not to come in the night and disturb us; but it was in vain, for as soon as night fell they returned, playing on some pipes whose noise grated on our ears. It was feared that they might frighten the horses, for which reason the commander went out to meet them with his officers and some soldiers. They gave them some beads and implored them to go, telling them that if they came again to interrupt our sleep they would not be welcome and we would give them an unfriendly reception. This induced them to depart and leave us in peace for the rest of the night. The soldiers named these towns Mescaltitlan, but others call them the towns of La Isla; I christened them with the name of Santa Margarita de Cortona. I took the latitude and it proved to be thirty-four degrees and forty-three minutes. In this, as well as in the rest of the towns on the channel, or even before reaching it, we have observed that they have cemeteries, and they have explained that one is for the men and the other for the women. On each grave a very high pole painted in several colors is placed. On those of the men they hang their hair, and doubt less before burying them they cut off their locks. On the poles of the women they hang baskets. We also saw in the large cemeteries skeletons of whales and a mortar of carved stone which might serve for holy water or a baptismal font. We noticed that they have two very neat enclosures. They say that one of them is for games and that the other is their ceremonial temple. From the town of Asumpta, which is the first one on the channel, the coast runs to the west-northwest, with little variation, and from the neighborhood of the lagoon it runs directly to the west.

Located at South of Goleta.
August 19 To the West side of Santa Barbara, at or near Arroyo Burro.
August 21 To Dos Pueblos Canyon, at Naples.