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Portola Expedition 1769 Diaries
the written diaries of the 1769 portola expedition
Portola Expedition 1769 Diaries
The Diaries of
Gaspar de Portola
, Miguel Costansó, and Fray
give us an insight to the lifestyle of the coastal Native Americans before the arrival of the European explorers. We also will see the challenges and methodology of exploring a new territory for the first time, having to deal with poor health, Mother Nature, and difficult terrain.
Prelude to the Portola Expedition
This portion shows the History and reason for the
Portola Expedition of 1769
. The two divisions of the land expedition began at
, Baja California, on March 24, 1769. The first group, led by Captain Don Fernando Rivera and including Fray Juan Crespi, arrived in the vicinity of today's city of San Diego, California on May 14, 1769. The second division, led by Portola and including Father Junipero Serra, reached San Diego on July 1. Crespi began his diary on March 24.
Portola Expedition - July 14, 1769 to January 24, 1770.
The three diaries of Captain Gaspar de Portola, Ensign Miguel Costanso, and Fray Juan Crespi are presented together. The diaries each give day-by day descriptions of the expedition to San Francisco Bay and back, which began and ended at San Diego, California.
Portola Expedition in and near Pacifica - October 31, 1769 to November 13, 1769
The expedition arrived in today's Pacifica on October 31, climbed the ridge to the
San Francisco Bay discovery site
, dropped down the other side to Palo Alto, and returned to Pacifica by November 13.
To start the expedition from Pacifica.
Source of Diaries
about the diary
From May 11, 1769 to January 24, 1770 Captain de Portola was in command of the expedition. Captain de Portola's diary came into the possession of the University of California Berkeley Bancroft Collection in 1905. It had been previously acquired by Mr. Hubert Howe Bancroft from M. Alphonse Pinart, who, it may be presumed from the autograph note on the cover, had obtained it in the City of Mexico on October 10, 1881.
Ensign Miguel Costanso
Ensign Miguel Costanso was the engineer with the Portola Expedition. His diary was first translated into English in 1911 by Frederick J. Teggart of the Academy of Pacific Coast History and the University of California.
Fray Juan Crespi
Fray Juan Crespi, a Franciscan missionary, was a member of the expedition. His diary entries are excerpts from
Fray Juan Crespi Missionary Explorer on the Pacific Coast 1769-1774
, By Herbert Eugene Bolton Professor of American History, Director of the Bancroft Library, University of California, University of California Press Berkeley, California 1927.
diary entries by date:
The Start of the Portola expedition, to Rose Canyon, north of University City.
To Dieguito Creek and Valley, east of Del Mar
To San Alejo, San Marcos Creek, east of Batiquitos Lagoon.
To Buena Vista Creek, northeast of Carlsbad.
To San Luis Rey River (SRL 239).
Day two at San Luis Rey River (SRL 239).
To Santa Margarita River.
To Las Pulgas Canyon.
To Cristianitos Canyon, north of San Onofre (SRL 562).
To San Juan Canyon (SRL 200).
To Aliso Creek, near the town of El Toro.
Day two at Aliso Creek, near the town of El Toro.
To Tomato Spring, edge of the Santiago Hills.
To Santiago Creek, northeast of Orange.
To Santa Ana River, near Olive.
To La Brea Canyon, north of Fullerton.
To or near Bassett, on the San Gabriel River
To the North of the Whittier Narrows
Day two North of the Whittier Narrows
To Los Angeles River, at North Broadway (SRL 655, in Elysian Park).
To La Cienega Park, on La Cienega Blvd. between Olympic Blvd. and Gregory Way. (SRL 665).
To the grounds of University High School, West Los Angeles (SRL 522).
To the Valle de Santa Catalina, or Valle de los Encinos,
Day two at Los Encinos State Historical Park in Encino (SRL 689).
To Northwest of Mission San Fernando (SRL 157).
To or near Castaic Junction.
Day two at Castaic Junction.
To two miles east of Piru (SRL 624, Warring Park, Piru).
To Sespe Creek, just west of Fillmore.
To or near Santa Paula (SRL 727).
To or near Saticoy.
To Ventura (SRL 310, Mission San Buenaventura).
To or near Pitas Point.
To Rincon Point near Rincon Creek.
To Santa Barbara (historic marker at the southwest corner of the grounds of the courthouse)
To the West side of Santa Barbara, at or near Arroyo Burro.
To South of Goleta.
To Dos Pueblos Canyon, at Naples.
Day two at Dos Pueblos Canyon, at Naples.
To Tajiguas Creek.
To the stream in Canada de la Gaviota.
To Arroyo El Bulito.
To East of Canada del Cojo.
To Jalama Beach County Park.
To Oil Well Canyon.
To Bear Creek.
To Santa Ynez River, at Ocean Beach County Park.
To San Antonio Creek.
To Guadalupe Lake.
To Oso Flaco Lake
Day two at Oso Flaco Lake.
To Price Canyon, north of Pismo Beach.
To Gragg Canyon.
Day two at Gragg Canyon.
To the vicinity of Los Osos schoolhouse, west of San Luis Obispo.
To or near the mouth of Chorro Creek, at Morro Bay State Park (Morro Rock, SRL 821).
To Ellysly Creek.
To Coast Union High School, one mile east of Cambria
To Pico Creek.
To Headwaters of Arroyo Laguna, near Arroyo de la Cruz.
To San Carpoforo Creek, near Ragged Point.
Day two at San Carpoforo Creek, near Ragged Point.
Day three at San Carpoforo Creek, near Ragged Point.
To Headwaters of Arroyo Laguna, near Arroyo de la Cruz
To Wagner Creek, Santa Lucia Mountains.
Day two at Wagner Creek, Santa Lucia Mountains.
Day three at Wagner Creek, Santa Lucia Mountains.
To Los Burros Creek, Santa Lucia Mountains.
To Nacimiento River.
Near Los Burros Creek, west of the Nacimiento River.
Day three at Los Burros Creek, west of the Nacimento River.
To San Antonio River, near Jolon.
To Upper Jolon Valley.
To Salinas River, two miles south of King City.
To Salinas River, near Metz.
To Salinas River, southwest of Camphora.
To the Salinas River, near Chualar.
To Salinas River, below Old Hilltown.
To the Salinas River, near Blanco.
Day two at the Salinas River, near Blanco.
Day three at the Salinas River, near Blanco.
Day four at the Salinas River, near Blanco.
Day five at the Salinas River, near Blanco.
Day six at the Salinas River, near Blanco.
To Espinosa Lake, northwest of Salinas.
To the Pajaro River, east of Watsonville.
Day two at Pajaro River.
To College Lake, north of Watsonville
Day two at College Lake, north of Watsonville
Day three at College Lake.
Day four at College Lake.
Day fiver at College Lake.
To Corralitos Lagoon on Freedom Boulevard, Corralitos, Santa Cruz County, CA.
To Porter Gulch.
To San Lorenzo River at Santa Cruz.
To Majors Creek, Santa Cruz County, CA.
To Molino Creek and Scott Creek.
To Waddell Creek
Day two at Waddell Creek
Day three at Waddell Creek.
To Whitehouse Creek (SRL 23).
To Gazos Creek.
Day two at San Gregorio Creek.
Day three at San Gregorio Creek, just west of San Gregorio (SRL 26).
To Purisima Creek (SRL 22).
Heading North to Pilarcitos Creek (SRL 21).
Day two at Pilarcitos Creek (SRL 21).
To Martini Creek (SRL 25).
To San Pedro Creek (SRL 24).
Day two at San Pedro Creek (SRL 24).
Day three at San Pedro Creek (SRL 24).
Day four at San Pedro Creek (SRL 24).
To Discovery site on Sweeney Ridge (SRL 394). Campsite now covered by San Andreas Lake (SRL 27, on Skyline Blvd).
To campsite, now under Upper Crystal Springs Reservoir (SRL 94).
To San Francisquito Creek in Menlo Park (SRL 2).
Day two at San Francisquito Creek (SRL 2).
Day three at San Francisquito Creek (SRL 2).
Day four at San Francisquito Creek (SRL 2).
Day five at San Francisquito Creek (SRL 2).
To North of Woodside (SRL 92).
To San Andreas Lake
To San Pedro Creek
To Martini Creek
Day two at Martini Creek
To Pilarcitos Creek
To Tunitas Creek (SRL 375).
To Butano Creek.
To Ano Nuevo Creek.
To Molino Creek and Scott Creek (Oct. 19).
To Majors Creek (Oct.18).
To Porter Gulch (Oct. 16).
To College Lake (Oct. 10-14).
To a lake near San Miguel Canyon Road and Hall Road.
Day two at a lake near San Miguel Canyon Road and Hall Road.
To Salinas River, near Blanco (Oct. 1-6).
To the site of Monterey.
To San Jose Creek, where it flows into Carmel Bay.
Day two at San Jose Creek, where it flows into Carmel Bay.
Day three at San Jose Creek, where it flows into Carmel Bay.
Day four at San Jose Creek, where it flows into Carmel Bay.
Day five at San Jose Creek, where it flows into Carmel Bay.
Day six at San Jose Creek, where it flows into Carmel Bay.
Day seven at San Jose Creek, where it flows into Carmel Bay.
Day eight at San Jose Creek, where it flows into Carmel Bay.
Day nine at San Jose Creek, where it flows into Carmel Bay.
Day ten at San Jose Creek, where it flows into Carmel Bay.
Day eleven at San Jose Creek, where it flows into Carmel Bay.
Day twelve at San Jose Creek, where it flows into Carmel Bay.
To the site of Monterey.
To the Salinas River, below Old Hilltown (Sept. 30).
To the Salinas River, near Chualar (Sept. 29).
To the Salinas River, southwest of Camphora (Sept. 28).
To the Salinas River, near Metz (Sept. 27).
To the Salinas River, two miles south of King City (Sept. 26).
To Jolon Valley.
To the Nacimiento River (Sept. 21-23).
To the Los Burros Creek (Sept. 20).
To the Wagner Creek (Sept. 17-19).
Day two at Wagner Creek.
Near Arroyo del Oso.
Day two near Arroyo del Oso.
To Little Pico Creek.
To Santa Rosa Creek, east of Cambria (Sept. 10).
To Ellysly Creek (Sept. 9).
Near the Los Osos schoolhouse (Sept. 7).
To Southeast of San Luis Obispo, in the direction of Edna.
Day Two at Southeast of San Luis Obispo, in the direction of Edna.
To Price Canyon, north of Pismo Beach (Sept. 4).
To Oso Flaco Lake (Sept. 2-3).
To Guadalupe Lake (Sept. 1).
To San Antonio Creek (Aug. 31).
To Bear Creek (Aug. 29).
To Rocky Point.
To Canada del Cojo (Aug. 26).
To Arroyo El Bulito (Aug. 25).
To Gaviota (Aug. 24).
To Tajiguas Creek (Aug. 23).
To Dos Pueblos Canyon, near Naples (Aug. 21-22).
To Just south of Goleta.
To Carpinteria (Aug. 17).
To Ventura (Aug. 14).
To Near Camarillo.
To Potrero Valley.
To Russell Valley.
To Los Encinos State Historical Park (Aug. 5-6).
To Near the Hollywood Freeway and Franklin Avenue.
To San Gabriel River, near Bassett (July 30).
To Santa Ana River, near Olive (July 28).
To Tomato Spring (July 26).
To San Juan Canyon (July 23).
To San Onofre Creek.
To San Luis Rey River (July 18-19).
To San Dieguito Creek and Valley (July 15).
Return to San Diego.
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