Portola Expedition 1769 Diaries


The Diaries of Gaspar de Portola, Miguel Costansó, and Fray Juan Crespi give us an insight to the lifestyle of the coastal Native Americans before the arrival of the European explorers. We also will see the challenges and methodology of exploring a new territory for the first time, having to deal with poor health, Mother Nature, and difficult terrain.


Prelude to the Portola Expedition

This portion shows the History and reason for the Portola Expedition of 1769. The two divisions of the land expedition began at Velicata, Baja California, on March 24, 1769. The first group, led by Captain Don Fernando Rivera and including Fray Juan Crespi, arrived in the vicinity of today's city of San Diego, California on May 14, 1769. The second division, led by Portola and including Father Junipero Serra, reached San Diego on July 1. Crespi began his diary on March 24.

Portola Expedition - July 14, 1769 to January 24, 1770.

The three diaries of Captain Gaspar de Portola, Ensign Miguel Costanso, and Fray Juan Crespi are presented together. The diaries each give day-by day descriptions of the expedition to San Francisco Bay and back, which began and ended at San Diego, California.

Portola Expedition in and near Pacifica - October 31, 1769 to November 13, 1769

The expedition arrived in today's Pacifica on October 31, climbed the ridge to the San Francisco Bay discovery site, dropped down the other side to Palo Alto, and returned to Pacifica by November 13.
To start the expedition from Pacifica. October 31


Source of Diaries

author

about the diary
Captain
Gaspar
de Portola
Gaspar_de_Portolá.jpg
From May 11, 1769 to January 24, 1770 Captain de Portola was in command of the expedition. Captain de Portola's diary came into the possession of the University of California Berkeley Bancroft Collection in 1905. It had been previously acquired by Mr. Hubert Howe Bancroft from M. Alphonse Pinart, who, it may be presumed from the autograph note on the cover, had obtained it in the City of Mexico on October 10, 1881.
Ensign Miguel Costanso

Ensign Miguel Costanso was the engineer with the Portola Expedition. His diary was first translated into English in 1911 by Frederick J. Teggart of the Academy of Pacific Coast History and the University of California.
Fray Juan Crespi
crespi1.jpg
Fray Juan Crespi, a Franciscan missionary, was a member of the expedition. His diary entries are excerpts from Fray Juan Crespi Missionary Explorer on the Pacific Coast 1769-1774, By Herbert Eugene Bolton Professor of American History, Director of the Bancroft Library, University of California, University of California Press Berkeley, California 1927.

diary entries by date:

July 14 The Start of the Portola expedition, to Rose Canyon, north of University City.
July 15 To Dieguito Creek and Valley, east of Del Mar
July 16 To San Alejo, San Marcos Creek, east of Batiquitos Lagoon.
July 17 To Buena Vista Creek, northeast of Carlsbad.
July 18 To San Luis Rey River (SRL 239).
July 19 Day two at San Luis Rey River (SRL 239).
July 20 To Santa Margarita River.
July 21 To Las Pulgas Canyon.
July 22 To Cristianitos Canyon, north of San Onofre (SRL 562).
July 23 To San Juan Canyon (SRL 200).
July 24 To Aliso Creek, near the town of El Toro.
July 25 Day two at Aliso Creek, near the town of El Toro.
July 26 To Tomato Spring, edge of the Santiago Hills.
July 27 To Santiago Creek, northeast of Orange.
July 28 To Santa Ana River, near Olive.
July 29 To La Brea Canyon, north of Fullerton.
July 30 To or near Bassett, on the San Gabriel River
July 31 To the North of the Whittier Narrows
August 1 Day two North of the Whittier Narrows
August 2 To Los Angeles River, at North Broadway (SRL 655, in Elysian Park).
August 3 To La Cienega Park, on La Cienega Blvd. between Olympic Blvd. and Gregory Way. (SRL 665).
August 4 To the grounds of University High School, West Los Angeles (SRL 522).
August 5 To the Valle de Santa Catalina, or Valle de los Encinos,
August 6 Day two at Los Encinos State Historical Park in Encino (SRL 689).
August 7 To Northwest of Mission San Fernando (SRL 157).
August 8 To or near Castaic Junction.
August 9 Day two at Castaic Junction.
August 10 To two miles east of Piru (SRL 624, Warring Park, Piru).
August 11 To Sespe Creek, just west of Fillmore.
August 12 To or near Santa Paula (SRL 727).
August 13 To or near Saticoy.
August 14 To Ventura (SRL 310, Mission San Buenaventura).
August 15 To or near Pitas Point.
August 16 To Rincon Point near Rincon Creek.
August 17 To Carpinteria.
August 18 To Santa Barbara (historic marker at the southwest corner of the grounds of the courthouse)
August 19 To the West side of Santa Barbara, at or near Arroyo Burro.
August 20 To South of Goleta.
August 21 To Dos Pueblos Canyon, at Naples.
August 22 Day two at Dos Pueblos Canyon, at Naples.
August 23 To Tajiguas Creek.
August 24 To the stream in Canada de la Gaviota.
August 25 To Arroyo El Bulito.
August 26 To East of Canada del Cojo.
August 27 To Jalama Beach County Park.
August 28 To Oil Well Canyon.
August 29 To Bear Creek.
August 30 To Santa Ynez River, at Ocean Beach County Park.
August 31 To San Antonio Creek.
September 1 To Guadalupe Lake.
September 2 To Oso Flaco Lake
September 3 Day two at Oso Flaco Lake.
September 4 To Price Canyon, north of Pismo Beach.
September 5 To Gragg Canyon.
September 6 Day two at Gragg Canyon.
September 7 To the vicinity of Los Osos schoolhouse, west of San Luis Obispo.
September 8 To or near the mouth of Chorro Creek, at Morro Bay State Park (Morro Rock, SRL 821).
September 9 To Ellysly Creek.
September 10 To Coast Union High School, one mile east of Cambria
September 11 To Pico Creek.
September 12 To Headwaters of Arroyo Laguna, near Arroyo de la Cruz.
September 13 To San Carpoforo Creek, near Ragged Point.
September 14 Day two at San Carpoforo Creek, near Ragged Point.
September 15 Day three at San Carpoforo Creek, near Ragged Point.
September 16 To Headwaters of Arroyo Laguna, near Arroyo de la Cruz.
September 17 To Wagner Creek, Santa Lucia Mountains.
September 18 Day two at Wagner Creek, Santa Lucia Mountains.
September 19 Day three at Wagner Creek, Santa Lucia Mountains.
September 20 To Los Burros Creek, Santa Lucia Mountains.
September 21 To Nacimiento River.
September 22 Near Los Burros Creek, west of the Nacimiento River.
September 23 Day three at Los Burros Creek, west of the Nacimento River.
September 24 To San Antonio River, near Jolon.
September 25 To Upper Jolon Valley.
September 26 To Salinas River, two miles south of King City.
September 27 To Salinas River, near Metz.
September 28 To Salinas River, southwest of Camphora.
September 29 To the Salinas River, near Chualar.
September 30 To Salinas River, below Old Hilltown.
October 1 To the Salinas River, near Blanco.
October 2 Day two at the Salinas River, near Blanco.
October 3 Day three at the Salinas River, near Blanco.
October 4 Day four at the Salinas River, near Blanco.
October 5 Day five at the Salinas River, near Blanco.
October 6 Day six at the Salinas River, near Blanco.
October 7 To Espinosa Lake, northwest of Salinas.
October 8 To the Pajaro River, east of Watsonville.
October 9 Day two at Pajaro River.
October 10 To College Lake, north of Watsonville
October 11 Day two at College Lake, north of Watsonville
October 12 Day three at College Lake.
October 13 Day four at College Lake.
October 14 Day fiver at College Lake.
October 15 To Corralitos Lagoon on Freedom Boulevard, Corralitos, Santa Cruz County, CA.
October 16 To Porter Gulch.
October 17 To San Lorenzo River at Santa Cruz.
October 18 To Majors Creek, Santa Cruz County, CA.
October 19 To Molino Creek and Scott Creek.
October 20 To Waddell Creek
October 21 Day two at Waddell Creek
October 22 Day three at Waddell Creek.
October 23 To Whitehouse Creek (SRL 23).
October 24 To Gazos Creek.
October 25 Day two at San Gregorio Creek.
October 26 Day three at San Gregorio Creek, just west of San Gregorio (SRL 26).
October 27 To Purisima Creek (SRL 22).
October 28 Heading North to Pilarcitos Creek (SRL 21).
October 29 Day two at Pilarcitos Creek (SRL 21).
October 30 To Martini Creek (SRL 25).
October 31 To San Pedro Creek (SRL 24).
November 1 Day two at San Pedro Creek (SRL 24).
November 2 Day three at San Pedro Creek (SRL 24).
November 3 Day four at San Pedro Creek (SRL 24).
November 4 To Discovery site on Sweeney Ridge (SRL 394). Campsite now covered by San Andreas Lake (SRL 27, on Skyline Blvd).
November 5 To campsite, now under Upper Crystal Springs Reservoir (SRL 94).
November 6 To San Francisquito Creek in Menlo Park (SRL 2).
November 7 Day two at San Francisquito Creek (SRL 2).
November 8 Day three at San Francisquito Creek (SRL 2).
November 9 Day four at San Francisquito Creek (SRL 2).
November 10 Day five at San Francisquito Creek (SRL 2).
November 11 To North of Woodside (SRL 92).
November 12 To San Andreas Lake
November 13 To San Pedro Creek
November 14 To Martini Creek
November 15 Day two at Martini Creek
November 16 To Pilarcitos Creek
November 17 To Tunitas Creek (SRL 375).
November 18 To Butano Creek.
November 19 To Ano Nuevo Creek.
November 20 To Molino Creek and Scott Creek (Oct. 19).
November 21 To Majors Creek (Oct.18).
November 22 To Porter Gulch (Oct. 16).
November 23 To College Lake (Oct. 10-14).
November 24 To a lake near San Miguel Canyon Road and Hall Road.
November 25 Day two at a lake near San Miguel Canyon Road and Hall Road.
November 26 To Salinas River, near Blanco (Oct. 1-6).
November 27 To the site of Monterey.
November 28 To San Jose Creek, where it flows into Carmel Bay.
November 29 Day two at San Jose Creek, where it flows into Carmel Bay.
November 30 Day three at San Jose Creek, where it flows into Carmel Bay.
December 1 Day four at San Jose Creek, where it flows into Carmel Bay.
December 2 Day five at San Jose Creek, where it flows into Carmel Bay.
December 3 Day six at San Jose Creek, where it flows into Carmel Bay.
December 4 Day seven at San Jose Creek, where it flows into Carmel Bay.
December 5 Day eight at San Jose Creek, where it flows into Carmel Bay.
December 6 Day nine at San Jose Creek, where it flows into Carmel Bay.
December 7 Day ten at San Jose Creek, where it flows into Carmel Bay.
December 8 Day eleven at San Jose Creek, where it flows into Carmel Bay.
December 9 Day twelve at San Jose Creek, where it flows into Carmel Bay.
December 10 To the site of Monterey.
December 11 To the Salinas River, below Old Hilltown (Sept. 30).
December 12 To the Salinas River, near Chualar (Sept. 29).
December 13 To the Salinas River, southwest of Camphora (Sept. 28).
December 14 To the Salinas River, near Metz (Sept. 27).
December 15 To the Salinas River, two miles south of King City (Sept. 26).
December 16 To Jolon Valley.
December 17 To the Nacimiento River (Sept. 21-23).
December 18 To the Los Burros Creek (Sept. 20).
December 19 To the Wagner Creek (Sept. 17-19).
December 20 Day two at Wagner Creek.
December 21 Near Arroyo del Oso.
December 22 Day two near Arroyo del Oso.
December 23 To Little Pico Creek.
December 24 To Santa Rosa Creek, east of Cambria (Sept. 10).
December 25 To Ellysly Creek (Sept. 9).
December 26 Near the Los Osos schoolhouse (Sept. 7).
December 27 To Southeast of San Luis Obispo, in the direction of Edna.
December 28 Day Two at Southeast of San Luis Obispo, in the direction of Edna.
December 29 To Price Canyon, north of Pismo Beach (Sept. 4).
December 30 To Oso Flaco Lake (Sept. 2-3).
December 31 To Guadalupe Lake (Sept. 1).
January 1 To San Antonio Creek (Aug. 31).
January 2 To Bear Creek (Aug. 29).
January 3 To Rocky Point.
January 4 To Canada del Cojo (Aug. 26).
January 5 To Arroyo El Bulito (Aug. 25).
January 6 To Gaviota (Aug. 24).
January 7 To Tajiguas Creek (Aug. 23).
January 8 To Dos Pueblos Canyon, near Naples (Aug. 21-22).
January 9 To Just south of Goleta.
January 10 To Carpinteria (Aug. 17).
January 11 To Ventura (Aug. 14).
January 12 To Near Camarillo.
January 13 To Potrero Valley.
January 14 To Russell Valley.
January 15 To Los Encinos State Historical Park (Aug. 5-6).
January 16 To Near the Hollywood Freeway and Franklin Avenue.
January 17 To San Gabriel River, near Bassett (July 30).
January 18 To Santa Ana River, near Olive (July 28).
January 19 To Tomato Spring (July 26).
January 20 To San Juan Canyon (July 23).
January 21 To San Onofre Creek.
January 22 To San Luis Rey River (July 18-19).
January 23 To San Dieguito Creek and Valley (July 15).
January 24 Return to San Diego.